A third party, who takes care of the logistics value chain.
Bunker Adjustment Factor
A kind of fuel surcharge added to the freigt rates.
A kind of small ship
Flat Bottomed cargo carrying boat. It is used for movement of small quantity cargo. Mainly used for coastal or river movements.
Bill of Lading
BL is issued by the carrier (Shipping Line/NVOCC). This is the document which is presented to the shipping line at POD, and then only cargo can be cleared.
Break Bulk Cargo
The cargo which can be counted (Other than Containers). It includes Steel coils, Vehicles etc.
The cargo like coal, limestone etc. These are loaded in the hatches of the ships with the help of cranes having grabs.
Currency Adjustment Factor
A kind of surcharge added to freight rates, to mitigate the currency risk.
Cargo Arrival Notice
A document issued by carrier/agent to the importer, notifying him about the arrival of cargo.
Completely Built Unit
Vehicles being shipped in fully built form.
Container Freight Station
CFS is a kind of customs bound warehouse, where stuffing and destuffing of containers are done. These are near to the ports.
Completely Knocked Down
Vehicles being shipped in parts. One vehicle is knocked down in many small small parts and these parts are shipped in containers.
Carrier Owned Container
The containers owned by the carriers.
These are genaral purpose yards, where generally empty containers are stacked.
Draft Bill of Lading
The B/L issued by the Carrier to Freight Forwarder. This is just to check the actual format of the B/L as per LC. Master B/L is issued on the basis of DBL and after MBL is issued, this remains null and void.
Cargos like petroleum, chemical etc. Special equipments are required to handle these.
The penalty paid by the charterar to the owner of the ship for delay in completing the voyage.
The money paid by the owner of the ship to the charterar for completing the voyage in advance. Genarally the rate will be half of demurrage rate.
A document issued by carrier/agent to the importer, giving him the authority to collect the cargo. This is issued after B/L is surrendered to the carrier/agent.
Export General Manifest
A document issued by carrier/agent to the port authorities stating that a container is going for export.
Freight of all Kind
Freight charged by linear operators. Quoted in terms of per TEU.
Full Container Load
When one container contains cargo for only one consignee.
A kind of shipping service in which ships ply between a distant port and some port having linear service. For Ex- service between Haldia and Colombo. In this case Haldia is a distant port whereas many linear routes pass through Colombo.
Forty Feet Equivalent Unit
A container of 40' length. One FEU is equal to 2 TEU.
A kind of container which has just the bottom, like a rack. Generally used for oversized cargo. Freight is more.
Money charged by shipping lines to take the cargo from one port to another.
House Bill of Lading
The B/L issued by Freight Forwarder to the Shipper. In this B/L the name of actual importer will reflect as consignee.
International Air Transport Organisation
An organisation of all the air transporters across the world. Any new air transporter needs an IATA license to operate.
Inland Container Depot
ICDs' are a kind of CFS only. The only difference is that ICDs' are far from the ports. These are generally called Dry Ports.
Import General Manifest
A document issued by carrier/agent to the port authorities stating that a container is coming for imports.
Letter of Credit
LC is the master document. It is opened by the bank of consignee in favour of the shipper. All the terms & conditions of the trade are mentioned in this document.
Less than Container Load
When one container contains cargo for more than one consignee.
Lift On Lift Off
It is generally used to describe the kind of terminals where vehicles/containers or any cargo are lifted through lifts and put onto the ship.
A declaration given by the captain of the ship about the cargo. B/L is issued based on this.
Master Bill of Lading
The B/L issued by Carrier to the Freight Forwarder. In this B/L Freight Forwarder will be shown as consignee. This is done to hide the actual importers details from the Carrier.
Main Line Operator
The shipping lines, having linear services.
Multimodal Transport Operator
A Kind of license issued by DG-Shipping. It authorises carriers to issue multimodal B/L.
A kind of container which has no ceiling. Used for oversized cargo. Freight is more than general container.
Port of Discharge
The port where cargo is to be discharged.
Port of Loading
The port where cargo has been loaded on the ship.
The containers having refrigeration units. They have a battery to operate on and are connected to external power at ports and on ships. Used for shipping meats, fruits etc.
Rail Mounted Quay
A kind of crane used at container terminals.
Roll On Roll Off
It is a kind of terminal used to ship the vehicles in CBU forms. Vehicles are just driven through the terminal and parked in the ship.
Semi Knocked Down
Vehicles being shipped in parts. One vehicle is knocked down into 4-5 major parts and these parts are shipped.
Money charged by shipping lines from NVOCC operators to take containers from one port to another.
Shipper Owned Container
The containers which have been arranged by the shipper/agent and not by the shipping line.
Tariff Authority of Major Ports
A statutory body formed by GoI. It regulates the tariffs charged at all the 12 major ports in India.
Twenty Feet Equivalent Unit
Represents a unit for containers. One TEU is equal to one container of 20' length.
Terminal Handling Charges
Charges to be paid to terminal operator (Most of the cases-Ports). It includes loading charges and charges paid to the stevedores.